sasha2002 Blog's

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Hyper-V Import/Export VM bulk group —

Import bulk :

$dir = dir C:\DIR | ?{$_.PSISContainer}
foreach ($d in $dir){
$path = Join-Path -Path $d.FullName -ChildPath "Virtual Machines\"
$fileBaseNames = (Get-ChildItem $path*.vmcx).Name
$fullpath = $path+$fileBaseNames
& echo $path
& Import-VM -Path $fullpath -Copy

Export ALL VM

Get-VM | Export-VM -Path "c:\EXPORT_PATH"

Export particular VM

Export-VM -Name "VM_NAME" -Path "c:\EXPORT_PATH"

If some errors occurred check that Virtual Network Name is the same as precedent!

Enable SFTP Without Shell Access on Ubuntu —

Step 1 — Creating a New User

adduser sammyfiles

Step 2 — Creating a Directory for File Transfers

There are a number of ways to work around this ownership issue. In this tutorial, we’ll create and use /var/sftp/uploads as the target upload directory. /var/sftp will be owned by root and will be unwritable by other users; the subdirectory /var/sftp/uploads will be owned by sammyfiles, so that user will be able to upload files to it.

First, create the directories.

mkdir -p /var/sftp/uploads

Set the owner of /var/sftp to root.

chown root:root /var/sftp

Give root write permissions to the same directory, and give other users only read and execute rights.

chmod 755 /var/sftp

Change the ownership on the uploads directory to sammyfiles.

chown sammyfiles:sammyfiles /var/sftp/uploads

Step 3 — Restricting Access to One Directory

nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Scroll to the very bottom of the file and append the following configuration snippet:

. . .

Match User sammyfiles
ForceCommand internal-sftp
PasswordAuthentication yes
ChrootDirectory /var/sftp
PermitTunnel no
AllowAgentForwarding no
AllowTcpForwarding no
X11Forwarding no

Then save and close the file.

Here’s what each of those directives do:

  • Match User tells the SSH server to apply the following commands only to the user specified. Here, we specify sammyfiles.
  • ForceCommand internal-sftp forces the SSH server to run the SFTP server upon login, disallowing shell access.
  • PasswordAuthentication yes allows password authentication for this user.
  • ChrootDirectory /var/sftp/ ensures that the user will not be allowed access to anything beyond the /var/sftp directory. You can learn more about chroot in this chroot tutorial.
  • AllowAgentForwarding no, AllowTcpForwarding no. and X11Forwarding no disables port forwarding, tunneling and X11 forwarding for this user.

This set of commands, starting with Match User, can be copied and repeated for different users too. Make sure to modify the username in the Match User line accordingly.

To apply the configuration changes, restart the service.

systemctl restart sshd

You have now configured the SSH server to restrict access to file transfer only for sammyfiles. The last step is testing the configuration to make sure it works as intended.

Step 4 — Verifying the Configuration

Let’s ensure that our new sammyfiles user can only transfer files.

Logging in to the server as sammyfiles using normal shell access should no longer be possible.

Custom Nginx Maintenance Page —

server {
listen 80;
root /var/www/;

location / {
if (-f $document_root/maintenance.html) {
return 503;
… # the rest of your config goes here

error_page 503 @maintenance;
location @maintenance {
rewrite ^(.*)$ /maintenance.html break;

Now whenever you need to take your site offline, simply create the file maintenance.html in the $document_root (in our case, /var/www/ If the file exists, Nginx will serve it with a 503 status code, if not, it will proceed as usual.